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School District 25 Policy

Communicable Diseases

Policy 8112
Adopted: December 15, 1987 Revised: September 12, 2017


Fremont County School District #25 is committed to providing and maintaining a safe and healthful environment for all students and employees. The School District will follow American Public Health Association (APHA) guidelines, Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines, Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations, Wyoming Department of Health Resources, Wyoming State Statutes, and current nursing protocols regarding infectious and communicable diseases

COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

  1. For the purpose of this regulation, communicable diseases are identified as those which may be transmitted from one person to another either directly or indirectly. Fremont County School District personnel will consult appropriate resources for the care of students or employees with communicable diseases and illnesses.  Atypical situations or communicable diseases not covered in the reference texts will be considered and managed on an individual basis by district nursing services personnel.  Utilizing local, state, and/or national resources, decisions will be made in the best interest of the affected school district population.

 

  1. No district student who is diagnosed with a blood borne pathogen disease may be prevented from participating in the continuation of their education on the basis of this diagnosis. If a student with a blood borne pathogen disease, because of medical status cannot participate fully in a school education the District will provide an appropriate educational program in the least restrictive environment.
  1. All cases will be evaluated on an individual basis. Any action taken will be consistent with state and federal law. A decision related to school attendance will be based on the ability of the school to meet the needs of the child or staff member.

 

  1. A parent may unilaterally request home instruction of a student with a blood borne pathogen disease. A student with a blood borne pathogen disease who is hospitalized is entitled to instruction in that facility.
  1. Reassessment of educational placement will take place periodically.

 

GENERAL ILLNESS

  1. Prevention

a.      Frequent and thorough HAND WASHING
b.      Nutrition to support health
c.      Physical activity to support health
d.      Vaccinations (influenza and HIB vaccines)
e.      Avoidance of sick people
f.       Disinfection of toys and household items
g.      Covering of nose and mouth with tissue or shirt sleeves when coughing/sneezing

  1. Guidelines for attending school with illness:

 

Illness

School or Home?

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Bacterial or Viral
Pink color of eye and thick yellow/green discharge

School-Students does not need to stay home unless the student has a fever or behavioral changes. Contact the doctor for diagnosis and possible treatment.

Head Lice or Scabies

Home- May stay in school for the remainder of the day after it is confirmed. Student will stay home from end of the school day until after first treatment. Must treat at home prior to sending student back to school.

Impetigo

Home– Must be seen by primary care provider for possible treatment. May return 24 hours after starting antibiotics.

Strep Throat

Home- Student must remain at home for 24 hours after starting antibiotics and the child is able to take part in usual activities. School nurse may request student to be excluded until fever free for 24 hours without the use of anti-fever medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

Diarrhea

Home- Student will be sent home if: student looks or acts sick, has diarrhea with fever, and/or if child has diarrhea with vomiting. Students are excluded from school until diarrhea is resolved.  School nurse may request that student be excluded from school until 24 hours after the last diarrhea episode.

Fever

Home- Students are excluded from school with a fever of 100 degrees or higher. School nurse may request student to be excluded until fever free for 24 hours without the use of anti-fever medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

Flu-Like symptoms

Home-Students excluded from school and recommended to see primary care provider to test for Influenza. School nurse may request student to be excluded until fever free for 24 hours without the use of anti-fever medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

Coughing

Home- If severe coughing occurs such as: uncontrolled coughing or wheezing, rapid or difficulty breathing and medical attention is necessary

Mild respiratory or cold symptoms

School- Student may attend if able to take part in school curriculum and activities.

Rash with fever

Home- Students are excluded from school if rash is accompanied by fever or sore throat.  Students may also be excluded per school nurse and allowed to return with medical provider consent.

Vomiting

Home- Student will be sent home until vomiting is resolved or a doctor says it is not contagious. School nurse may request that student be excluded from school until 24 hours after last vomiting episode.

 

Please remember good hand washing drastically reduces the risk of spreading illness to others!

 
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS

  1. For the protection of all Fremont County School District students, families, employees, and visitors; the blood and body fluids of all people are to be considered potentially infectious.  Fremont County School District employees will practice Universal Precautions, the standard for protecting oneself and others from the exposure to blood and other body fluids, and will utilize the most current recommendations by the Centers for Disease Control in the management of bloodborne pathogens.

 

GENERAL INFECTION CONTROL GUIDELINES

  1. Universal Precautions should be used in all, situations when handling discharges from another person’s body (blood, saliva, nasal discharges, vomitus, urine, and feces). In the school setting, these precautions include the following:

 

  1.  Hand washing. Hand washing must include soap and running water. Student/staff members must wash hands before handling food or eating. Classroom instruction about proper hand washing can be integrated into the curriculum.
  1. Using Gloves. The use of rubber gloves, ALONG WITH HAND WASHING, is recommended if actual contact with blood or body fluids is likely. Gloves will be provided by the school and available to all staff.
  2. Large Blood Spills. Adults should provide a barrier between their skin and the blood of others. This can be done with rubber gloves or a thick layer of paper towels or cloth. Adults can also encourage student to apply pressure with their own hand and the adult can press down on the student’s hand.

 

  1. Using Disinfectants. Regular household chlorine bleach diluted 1:10 and mixed daily, or as needed so that the solution is fresh, is an effective disinfectant for destroying the viruses which cause blood borne pathogen diseases, as well as most other disease-causing organisms.
  1. Disposal of Trash. Containers lined with red plastic bags are recommended for disposal of trash containing blood or any body fluids.